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Botanical Names Silybum marianum, Carduus marianus
Common Name Holy Thistle, Marian Thistle, Marystistle, Milk-thistle, St, Mary's Thistle, Wild Artichoke;
Key_Name Milk-thistle
Identenifying Characteristics L Gaertn, COMPOSITAE; Annual or Biannual
Image of herb. https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=https%3A%2F%2Ftse4.mm.bing.net%2Fth%3Fid%3DOIP.ApKJGRBRP-s_uLCY5y3_CQHaHa%26pid%3DApi&f=1
Stem 30 -150 cm Tall Erect, prominently grooved, seldom branched.
Leaves Large, oblong, shiny, variegated and very spiny, sessile or clasping.
Flowers Violet-purple, Thistle-like to 5 cm lon, usually solitary and surrounded at the in a hemispherical capitula base by long spiny appendages. Late summer
Root  
Fruit Blackish, specked, ovoid achene wigh a long white papp
Taste  
Odour  
Distribution Native to central and west Europe, Introduced and naturalized in California and elsewhere. Naturalis
Parts Used  
Constituents Essential oil; Tyramine; Histamine; Silybin; Silymarine;
Solvents Water, Alcohol,
Therapeutic Action Cholagogue,Diuretic,Tonic
Medical Uses Whole Plant, Appetite stimulant; Digestive, Dyspepsia, Liver said to regenerate tissue, Gall bladder; Stimulate flow of Bile, Powdered Seed: Taken in emulsion are markedly Choleretic and used in cardiovascular disorders, Jaundice , Gallstones colic; Leg Ulcers , Variscose Veins .
Homiopatic  
Chinese  
Contra Indications  
Preparation  
Dosage  
Administration  
Formulas Formula #154 Lower Blood sugar.
vetrinary  
non_med  
Culinary  
Cultivation  
Sister Plants  
History  
Harvest  
Url  
Comments  
Reference 1,2,5,24,38
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